You will find material here to learn Friulian, Polish and Italian; a small amount of material is also available for Latin. In the future, I may add Ukrainian. The material I publish is intended for the serious autodidact who wishes to learn from source texts of high quality and who can take on the challenge that these texts present to the language learner.
I am actively working on the following with regular posts:
- Book of Exodus: Friulian
- Book of Genesis: Polish
I am also working on the following, albeit on an irregular basis at the moment:
- Pinocchio: Italian
You can explore the contents of this site below.
Friulian language. See all 81 Friulian posts or browse by category below.
Friulian is a Romance language spoken in the far north-east corner of Italy, in an area located due west of the Italian border with Slovenia. Friulian is spoken by about a half-million people.
I am working diligently on this Friulian section. Through grammar and vocabulary notes, as well as supplementary examples of usage, I have provided a study of the Friulian language through all 50 chapters of the book of Genesis and am now working through the 40 chapters of the book of Exodus. In these posts, you will find detailed notes related to Friulian, which will allow you to acquire a great deal of the modern, standard form of the language.
The Bible, providing an inexhaustible range of language to study, is the ideal resource for learning Friulian — even more so given that the entire text has been recorded for you to listen to. The text that you will read is from the Bibie par un popul. This Bible uses contemporary language that you can incorporate into your own use of spoken and written Friulian and will be of immediate use to you in normal language situations.
Learn Friulian through the Bible (69 posts)
Genesis (64 posts). Gjen 1, Gjen 2, Gjen 3, Gjen 4, Gjen 5, Gjen 6, Gjen 7, Gjen 8, Gjen 9, Gjen 10, Gjen 11, Gjen 12, Gjen 13, Gjen 14, Gjen 15, Gjen 16, Gjen 17, Gjen 18, Gjen 19, Gjen 20, Gjen 21, Gjen 22, Gjen 23, Gjen 24, Gjen 25, Gjen 26, Gjen 27, Gjen 28, Gjen 29, Gjen 30, Gjen 31, Gjen 32, Gjen 33, Gjen 34, Gjen 35, Gjen 36, Gjen 37, Gjen 38, Gjen 39, Gjen 40, Gjen 41, Gjen 42, Gjen 43, Gjen 44, Gjen 45, Gjen 46, Gjen 47, Gjen 48, Gjen 49, Gjen 50.
Exodus (5 posts). Es 1, Es 2, Es 3, Es 4, Es 5, Es 6, Es 7, Es 8, Es 9, Es 10, Es 11, Es 12, Es 13, Es 14, Es 15, Es 16, Es 17, Es 18, Es 19, Es 20, Es 21, Es 22, Es 23, Es 24, Es 25, Es 26, Es 27, Es 28, Es 29, Es 30, Es 31, Es 32, Es 33, Es 34, Es 35, Es 36, Es 37, Es 38, Es 39, Es 40.
Outbound link: Read Friulian Bible on bibie.org.
Supplementary notes on the Friulian language (12 posts)
You will find a certain amount of additional notes in this section, but almost the entirety of the notes related to the Friulian language are interspersed in the Genesis and Exodus posts above, as they form part of the comments related to the readings. Important posts in this section: How to learn the Friulian language online. Friulian verb conjugations. How to count in Friulian.
Polish language. See all 7 Polish posts or browse by category below.
Polish is a Slavic language spoken by some forty million people. Through grammar and vocabulary notes, I am providing a study of the Polish language through the book of Genesis. These notes will allow you to make progress in Polish and to read and listen to the Bible in this language. Different recordings of stellar quality are available for Polish, and I recommend that you listen to what you have studied from the Bible as many times as possible.
The text that you will read is from the Biblia Tysiąclecia. This version is a modern translation into Polish from the original languages and provides an ideal resource for learning the language.
This Polish section is new, and I am working to build it up steadily over the course of the next few months. Similar to what I have provided for the Friulian language, I aim to provide for the Polish: that is, detailed notes relating to the Polish language as used in the 50 chapters of the book of Genesis. These notes will assist you in learning the modern language and in understanding the Bible in its Polish version.
Learn Polish through the Bible (5 posts)
Genesis (5 posts). Rdz 1, Rdz 2, Rdz 3, Rdz 4, Rdz 5, Rdz 6, Rdz 7, Rdz 8, Rdz 9, Rdz 10, Rdz 11, Rdz 12, Rdz 13, Rdz 14, Rdz 15, Rdz 16, Rdz 17, Rdz 18, Rdz 19, Rdz 20, Rdz 21, Rdz 22, Rdz 23, Rdz 24, Rdz 25, Rdz 26, Rdz 27, Rdz 28, Rdz 29, Rdz 30, Rdz 31, Rdz 32, Rdz 33, Rdz 34, Rdz 35, Rdz 36, Rdz 37, Rdz 38, Rdz 39, Rdz 40, Rdz 41, Rdz 42, Rdz 43, Rdz 44, Rdz 45, Rdz 46, Rdz 47, Rdz 48, Rdz 49, Rdz 50.
Supplementary notes on the Polish language (2 posts)
You will find a certain amount of additional notes in this section, but almost the entirety of the notes related to the Polish language are interspersed in the book of Genesis posts above, as they form part of the comments related to the readings. Important posts in this section: Declension of Polish possessive pronouns. How to count in Polish.
Outbound link: Read Polish Bible on biblia.deon.pl.
Italian language. See all 116 Italian posts or browse by category below.
This Italian section contains notes related to different classics in the language. Unlike the Friulian and Polish works, the language used in these Italian works is decidedly uncontemporary, but I have very often enriched the posts with copious notes related to modern Italian for your benefit.
The Italian posts are amongst the first that were published on this site. Many of the notes for a single chapter (the early Pinocchio posts in particular) tend to be broken up into numerous parts across smaller posts, which I recognise is less than ideal. As much as the older material could benefit from a reorganisation into consolidated posts, it will have to remain as is for now; it is my hope that you might still find value in what has been posted nonetheless, given that the notes are quite detailed. Use the search feature to find specific material.
Because I have chosen to give my full attention at the moment to Friulian and Polish, I am currently adding new material to this Italian section at a slower pace.
Learn Italian through Le avventure di Pinocchio by Carlo Collodi (87 posts). Capitolo 1, Capitolo 2, Capitolo 3, Capitolo 4, Capitolo 5, Capitolo 6, Capitolo 7, Capitolo 8, Capitolo 9, Capitolo 10, Capitolo 11, Capitolo 12, Capitolo 13, Capitolo 14, Capitolo 15, Capitolo 16, Capitolo 17, Capitolo 18, Capitolo 19, Capitolo 20, Capitolo 21, Capitolo 22, Capitolo 23, Capitolo 24, Capitolo 25, Capitolo 26, Capitolo 27, Capitolo 28, Capitolo 29, Capitolo 30, Capitolo 31, Capitolo 32, Capitolo 33, Capitolo 34, Capitolo 35, Capitolo 36, Esercizi.
Outbound link: Read the 1902 edition on Wikisource.
Learn Italian through Il Principe by Niccolò Machiavelli (11 posts). Dedica, Capitolo I, Capitolo II, Capitolo III, Capitolo IV, Capitolo V, Capitolo VI, Capitolo VII, Capitolo VIII, Capitolo IX, Capitolo X, Capitolo XI, Capitolo XII, Capitolo XIII, Capitolo XIV, Capitolo XV, Capitolo XVI, Capitolo XVII, Capitolo XVIII, Capitolo XIX, Capitolo XX, Capitolo XXI, Capitolo XXII, Capitolo XXIII, Capitolo XXIV, Capitolo XXV, Capitolo XXVI.
Outbound link: Read the 1814 edition on Wikisource.
Outbound link: Read the Diodati 1821 edition on Wikisource.
Outbound link: Read Leonardo on Wikisource.
Latin language. See all 5 Latin posts or browse by category below.
This Latin section was more experimental than anything else; as such, it contains little material, but it should at least provide some assistance to you in tackling the first two chapters of the book of Genesis in Latin. I do not plan to continue updating the Latin section with new posts.
Outbound link: Read the Vulgata (Stuttgartensia) on Wikisource.
Ukrainian language. No posts have been published in this section.
I am considering beginning a study of the Ukrainian language on this site. It would, in all likelihood, take the same form as the Friulian and Polish sections, using books of the Bible as source texts. If I do begin a Ukrainian study, it would not start until my work on the above sections has been sufficiently built up.