Index

News: 10 September 2019. I am currently working on a site-wide edit of all content for both Friulian and Polish. The editing is 70% complete. Any chapter followed by an asterisk below has undergone a recent edit; any chapter not followed by an asterisk is in queue. The editing consists of reformatting, expanding the notes and improving overall quality. I will resume regular posting of new content for both languages once the edit is complete (towards the end of October).


You will learn Friulian and Polish here, through detailed notes relating to the text of contemporary Friulian and Polish translations of the Bible. Along with the audio, you can use these notes to assist you in your independent study.


LENGHE FURLANE

Friulian language

See all 103 Friulian posts or browse by category below.

Lenghe furlaneFriulian is a Romance language spoken in the far north-east corner of Italy, in an area located due west of the Italian border with Slovenia. Friulian is spoken by about a half-million people.

Through linguistic commentary, I am currently providing a study of the Friulian language through the five books of Moses, known as the Pentateuch (il Pentateuc) or Torah (il Torà); these five books — the first five of the Bible — are Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy. In these posts, you will find detailed notes related to Friulian, which will allow you to acquire a great deal of the standardised form of the language.

The Bible, with its inexhaustible range of language to study, is the ideal resource for learning Friulian — even more so given that it has been recorded for you to listen to. The text that you will read is from Bibie par un popul (visit this official site to read the Bible, or view archived pages here.) This Bible uses plain, contemporary language that you can incorporate into your own use of Friulian. Note: Begin your study at Gjenesi 1.

Learn Friulian through the Bible (93 posts)

Libri de Gjenesi
Book of Genesis (50 posts)

Gjen 1 * Gjen 2 * Gjen 3 * Gjen 4 *
Gjen 5 * Gjen 6 * Gjen 7 * Gjen 8 *
Gjen 9 * Gjen 10 * Gjen 11 * Gjen 12 *
Gjen 13 * Gjen 14 * Gjen 15 * Gjen 16 *
Gjen 17 * Gjen 18 * Gjen 19 * Gjen 20 *
Gjen 21 * Gjen 22 * Gjen 23 * Gjen 24 *
Gjen 25 * Gjen 26 * Gjen 27 * Gjen 28 *
Gjen 29 * Gjen 30 * Gjen 31 * Gjen 32 *
Gjen 33 * Gjen 34 * Gjen 35 * Gjen 36 *
Gjen 37 * Gjen 38 * Gjen 39 * Gjen 40 *
Gjen 41 * Gjen 42 * Gjen 43 * Gjen 44 *
Gjen 45 * Gjen 46 * Gjen 47 * Gjen 48 *
Gjen 49 * Gjen 50 *

Libri dal Esodo
Book of Exodus (40 posts)

Es 1 * Es 2 * Es 3 * Es 4 *
Es 5 * Es 6 * Es 7 * Es 8 *
Es 9 * Es 10 * Es 11 * Es 12 *
Es 13 * Es 14 * Es 15 * Es 16 *
Es 17 * Es 18 * Es 19 * Es 20 *
Es 21 * Es 22 * Es 23 Es 24
Es 25 Es 26 Es 27 Es 28
Es 29 Es 30 Es 31 Es 32
Es 33 Es 34 Es 35 Es 36
Es 37 Es 38 Es 39 Es 40

Libri dal Levitic
Book of Leviticus (3 posts)

Lv 1 * Lv 2 * Lv 3 * Lv 4
Lv 5 Lv 6 Lv 7 Lv 8
Lv 9 Lv 10 Lv 11 Lv 12
Lv 13 Lv 14 Lv 15 Lv 16
Lv 17 Lv 18 Lv 19 Lv 20
Lv 21 Lv 22 Lv 23 Lv 24
Lv 25 Lv 26 Lv 27

Libri dai Numars
Book of Numbers (0 posts)

Nm 1 Nm 2 Nm 3 Nm 4
Nm 5 Nm 6 Nm 7 Nm 8
Nm 9 Nm 10 Nm 11 Nm 12
Nm 13 Nm 14 Nm 15 Nm 16
Nm 17 Nm 18 Nm 19 Nm 20
Nm 21 Nm 22 Nm 23 Nm 24
Nm 25 Nm 26 Nm 27 Nm 28
Nm 29 Nm 30 Nm 31 Nm 32
Nm 33 Nm 34 Nm 35 Nm 36

Libri dal Deuteronomi
Book of Deuteronomy (0 posts)

Dt 1 Dt 2 Dt 3 Dt 4
Dt 5 Dt 6 Dt 7 Dt 8
Dt 9 Dt 10 Dt 11 Dt 12
Dt 13 Dt 14 Dt 15 Dt 16
Dt 17 Dt 18 Dt 19 Dt 20
Dt 21 Dt 22 Dt 23 Dt 24
Dt 25 Dt 26 Dt 27 Dt 28
Dt 29 Dt 30 Dt 31 Dt 32
Dt 33 Dt 34

Supplementary notes on the Friulian language (10 posts)

You will find additional notes in this supplementary section, but almost the entirety of the notes related to the Friulian language are interspersed in the Genesis and Exodus posts above, as they form part of the comments related to the readings. Important posts in this section: How to learn the Friulian language online. Friulian verb conjugations. How to count in Friulian.


JĘZYK POLSKI

Polish language

See all 76 Polish posts or browse by category below.

polski-01Polish is a Slavic language spoken by some fifty million people, both in Poland itself and by minorities in different parts of the world. Polish is the second most widely spoken of the Slavic languages.

Through linguistic commentary, I am currently providing a study of the Polish language through the five books of Moses, known as the Pentateuch (Pięcioksiąg) or Torah (Tora); these five books — the first five of the Bible — are Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy. These detailed notes will assist you in learning the modern language and in understanding the Bible in its Polish version. Different recordings of stellar quality are available for Polish.

The text that you will read is from Biblia Tysiąclecia (visit this official site to read the Bible, or view archived pages here.) This version is a modern translation into Polish from the original languages and provides an ideal resource for learning Polish. Note: Begin your study with Rdz 1.

Learn Polish through the Bible (71 posts)

Księga Rodzaju
Book of Genesis (50 posts)

Rdz 1 * Rdz 2 * Rdz 3 * Rdz 4 *
Rdz 5 * Rdz 6 * Rdz 7 * Rdz 8 *
Rdz 9 * Rdz 10 * Rdz 11 * Rdz 12 *
Rdz 13 * Rdz 14 * Rdz 15 * Rdz 16 *
Rdz 17 * Rdz 18 * Rdz 19 * Rdz 20 *
Rdz 21 * Rdz 22 * Rdz 23 * Rdz 24 *
Rdz 25 * Rdz 26 * Rdz 27 * Rdz 28 *
Rdz 29 * Rdz 30 * Rdz 31 * Rdz 32 *
Rdz 33 * Rdz 34 * Rdz 35 * Rdz 36 *
Rdz 37 * Rdz 38 * Rdz 39 * Rdz 40 *
Rdz 41 * Rdz 42 * Rdz 43 * Rdz 44
Rdz 45 Rdz 46 Rdz 47 Rdz 48
Rdz 49 Rdz 50

Księga Wyjścia
Book of Exodus (21 posts)

Wj 1 Wj 2 Wj 3 Wj 4
Wj 5 Wj 6 Wj 7 Wj 8
Wj 9 Wj 10 Wj 11 Wj 12
Wj 13 Wj 14 Wj 15 Wj 16
Wj 17 Wj 18 Wj 19 Wj 20
Wj 21 Wj 22 Wj 23 Wj 24
Wj 25 Wj 26 Wj 27 Wj 28
Wj 29 Wj 30 Wj 31 Wj 32
Wj 33 Wj 34 Wj 35 Wj 36
Wj 37 Wj 38 Wj 39 Wj 40

Księga Kapłańska
Book of Leviticus (0 posts)

Kpł 1 Kpł 2 Kpł 3 Kpł 4
Kpł 5 Kpł 6 Kpł 7 Kpł 8
Kpł 9 Kpł 10 Kpł 11 Kpł 12
Kpł 13 Kpł 14 Kpł 15 Kpł 16
Kpł 17 Kpł 18 Kpł 19 Kpł 20
Kpł 21 Kpł 22 Kpł 23 Kpł 24
Kpł 25 Kpł 26 Kpł 27

Księga Liczb
Book of Numbers (0 posts)

Lb 1 Lb 2 Lb 3 Lb 4
Lb 5 Lb 6 Lb 7 Lb 8
Lb 9 Lb 10 Lb 11 Lb 12
Lb 13 Lb 14 Lb 15 Lb 16
Lb 17 Lb 18 Lb 19 Lb 20
Lb 21 Lb 22 Lb 23 Lb 24
Lb 25 Lb 26 Lb 27 Lb 28
Lb 29 Lb 30 Lb 31 Lb 32
Lb 33 Lb 34 Lb 35 Lb 36

Księga Powtórzonego Prawa
Book of Deuteronomy (0 posts)

Pwt 1 Pwt 2 Pwt 3 Pwt 4
Pwt 5 Pwt 6 Pwt 7 Pwt 8
Pwt 9 Pwt 10 Pwt 11 Pwt 12
Pwt 13 Pwt 14 Pwt 15 Pwt 16
Pwt 17 Pwt 18 Pwt 19 Pwt 20
Pwt 21 Pwt 22 Pwt 23 Pwt 24
Pwt 25 Pwt 26 Pwt 27 Pwt 28
Pwt 29 Pwt 30 Pwt 31 Pwt 32
Pwt 33 Pwt 34

Supplementary notes on the Polish language (5 posts)

You will find additional notes in this supplementary section, but almost the entirety of the notes related to the Polish language are interspersed in the book of Genesis posts above, as they form part of the comments related to the readings. Important posts in this section: Declension of Polish possessive pronouns. Polish prepositions and their cases. How to count in Polish. Index of Polish declensions and conjugations.