E cussì al sucedè. I tak się stało.

And so it came to pass.

On this page are presented the capsules relating to the history of Friûl (Friuli) and Polska (Poland) that have appeared in the right margin. You can use these capsules as starting points leading into your own research of these defining moments to further your understanding of the Friulian and Polish peoples.


Lenghe furlaneL’Orcolat dal 1976. The Orcolat (Terrible Ogre) is a monster said to live in the mountains of Carnia, in the north of Friûl. This beast sets off an earthquake whenever he stirs, wherefore the name Orcolat is associated with the region’s devastating taramot dal 1976 (earthquake of 1976). The token below in commemoration of the disaster reads so: L’ORCOLÂT L’ÈRE VÊR (the Orcolat was real; standard Friulian: L’ORCOLAT AL JERE VÊR); GNOT DAL SÎS DI MAI 1976 (night of 6 May 1976); PAR DÂ UNE MAN AE INT FURLANE A TORNÂ COME PRIN (in assistance to the Friulian people that they may recover [lit., to give a hand to the Friulian people to return as before]).


Język polskiKresy wschodnie. In the 1939 invasion of Poland (Kampania wrześniowa, which is to say, September campaign), the area in grey on the map of interwar Poland below was annexed by the Soviet Union. This area is known as the ‘Eastern borderlands’ (in Polish, Kresy wschodnie or simply Kresy) and is not part of Poland today. After annexation, large-scale expulsions of the area’s ethnic Poles to labour camps in Siberia and Kazakhstan were undertaken by the Soviets — the simple fact of one’s being Polish had become a crime worthy of arrest and transfer into a gulag. This annexed area now lies within the contemporary states of Ukraine, Belarus and Lithuania.

kresy