Friulian language series: learn the expression cjapâ sù

In Bibie par un popul, the Friulian expression cjapâ sù has come up a number of times in your study of the book of Genesis. Below, you will look at some of the meanings taken on by cjapâ sù in the Bible. The literal meaning of cjapâ sù, we might say, is to take up. This is because cjapâ is one of the Friulian verbs … Continue reading Friulian language series: learn the expression cjapâ sù

Friulian language series: how to learn Friulian online

You will find below different resources available online, and for free, that you can use to learn the Friulian language on your own. I continue to add to this list as more resources are uncovered; if you have a suggestion for me to consider adding, please write to me. Categories below include: Friulian courses Friulian dictionaries Friulian grammar and phonetics Read in Friulian Listen to … Continue reading Friulian language series: how to learn Friulian online

Friulian language series: verb conjugation charts

Different Friulian verbs have been conjugated in chart form in the various posts of this site. To help you locate them, you will find links below pointing to the posts where they appear. Note: The number following each verb below (v.5, v.6, etc.) indicates under which section the conjugation chart appears on the linked page. You will need to scroll down to the appropriate section … Continue reading Friulian language series: verb conjugation charts

Friulian language series: names for parts of the human head

In Friulian, the human head is called il cjâf. The head sits upon the neck, which is called il cuel. Hair grows on the scalp; in Friulian, the scalp is called la piel dal cjâf. This literally means skin of the head, where la piel is the Friulian for skin. A single strand of hair is called un cjaveli. All the hair on one’s head … Continue reading Friulian language series: names for parts of the human head

Friulian language series: translation exercise 2

If you have studied all the Genesis posts up to the end of Gjenesi 6:1-8, have a go at completing the exercises below. A. Using the passât prossim, translate the following from English to Friulian; to the best of your ability, employ the same usages that you have encountered in the Bible. In this and all following exercises, you can assume the subject you is … Continue reading Friulian language series: translation exercise 2

Friulian language series: how to count (cardinal numbers)

You will find Friulian cardinal numbers listed below. Friulian ordinal numbers can be found here (see verse 4). 0 zero 1 un 2 doi 3 trê 4 cuatri 5 cinc 6 sîs 7 siet 8 vot 9 nûf 10 dîs 11 undis 12 dodis 13 tredis 14 cutuardis 15 cuindis 16 sedis 17 disesiet 18 disevot 19 disenûf 20 vincj 21 vincjeun 22 vincjedoi 23 … Continue reading Friulian language series: how to count (cardinal numbers)

Friulian language series: direct and indirect object pronouns

This post presents a summary of Friulian pronouns used as direct and indirect objects. For example, the direct object in the English he will kill me is me; this is expressed in Friulian as lui mi coparà. The direct object in the English God blessed them is them; this is expressed in Friulian as Diu ju benedì. On the other hand, mi in the Friulian … Continue reading Friulian language series: direct and indirect object pronouns

Friulian language series: possessive adjectives

This post summarises how to say in Friulian such things as il gno popul (my people), il to non (your name), i tiei nemîs (your enemies), i nestris oms (our men), lis lôr bandieris (their flags), etc., using possessive adjectives. The examples that appear after the chart were taken from the Friulian Bible; one example is given for each item in the chart. The abbreviated … Continue reading Friulian language series: possessive adjectives

Friulian language series: present indicative of the verb vê

Vê is the Friulian verb for to have. In the affirmative presint indicatîf (present indicative), the tonic pronouns listed below are optional, but the atonic pronouns are mandatory and appear before the verb. For example, I have can be expressed as jo o ai or simply o ai; you have can be expressed as tu tu âs or simply tu âs; he has can be … Continue reading Friulian language series: present indicative of the verb vê

Friulian language series: present indicative of the verb jessi

Jessi is the Friulian verb for to be. In the affirmative presint indicatîf (present indicative), the tonic pronouns listed below are optional, but the atonic pronouns are mandatory and appear before the verb. For example, I am can be expressed as jo o soi or simply o soi; you are can be expressed as tu tu sês or simply tu sês; he is can be … Continue reading Friulian language series: present indicative of the verb jessi