Friulian language series: on “cjapâ sù”

The Friulian usage cjapâ sù is frequently employed in the verses of Bibie par un popul. Below are different meanings it can take on. The literal and most basic sense of cjapâ sù, we might say, is to take up. This is because cjapâ is one of the Friulian verbs for to take, and sù means up. In the examples of cjapâ sù below, observe … Continue reading Friulian language series: on “cjapâ sù”

Friulian language series: how to learn Friulian online

You will find below different resources available online, and for free, that you can use to learn the Friulian language on your own. I continue to add to this list as more resources are uncovered; if you have a suggestion for me to consider adding, please write to me. Categories below include: Friulian courses Friulian dictionaries Friulian grammar, spelling and phonetics Read in Friulian Listen … Continue reading Friulian language series: how to learn Friulian online

Friulian language series: verb conjugation charts

Different Friulian verbs have been conjugated in chart form in the various posts of this site. To help you locate them, you will find links below pointing to the posts where they appear. The number following each verb indicates the verse at which you will find the conjugation chart. For instance, if the verb is followed by 5, scroll down to the notes at verse … Continue reading Friulian language series: verb conjugation charts

Friulian language series: names of parts of the human head

In Friulian, the human head is called il cjâf. The head sits upon the neck: il cuel. Hair grows on the scalp; in Friulian, the scalp is called la piel dal cjâf. This literally means skin of the head, where la piel is the Friulian for skin. A single strand of hair is called un cjaveli. All the hair on one’s head is referred to … Continue reading Friulian language series: names of parts of the human head

Friulian language series: how to count (cardinal numbers)

You will find Friulian cardinal numbers listed below. Friulian ordinal numbers can be found here (see verse 4). 0 zero 1 un 2 doi 3 trê 4 cuatri 5 cinc 6 sîs 7 siet 8 vot 9 nûf 10 dîs 11 undis 12 dodis 13 tredis 14 cutuardis 15 cuindis 16 sedis 17 disesiet 18 disevot 19 disenûf 20 vincj 21 vincjeun 22 vincjedoi 23 … Continue reading Friulian language series: how to count (cardinal numbers)

Friulian language series: direct and indirect object pronouns

This post presents a summary of Friulian pronouns used as direct and indirect objects. For instance, the direct object in the English he will kill me is me; this is expressed in Friulian as lui mi coparà. The direct object in the English God blessed them is them; this is expressed in Friulian as Diu ju benedì. On the other hand, mi in the Friulian … Continue reading Friulian language series: direct and indirect object pronouns

Friulian language series: possessive adjectives

This post summarises how to say in Friulian such things as il gno popul (my people), il to non (your name), i tiei nemîs (your enemies), i nestris oms (our men), lis lôr bandieris (their flags), etc., using possessive adjectives. The examples that appear after the chart were taken from Bibie par un popul; one example is given for each item in the chart. The … Continue reading Friulian language series: possessive adjectives

Friulian language series: present indicative of the verb vê

Vê is the Friulian verb for to have. In the affirmative presint indicatîf (present indicative), the tonic pronouns listed below are optional, but the atonic pronouns are mandatory and appear before the verb. For instance, I have can be expressed as jo o ai or simply o ai; you have can be expressed as tu tu âs or tu âs; he has can be expressed … Continue reading Friulian language series: present indicative of the verb vê

Friulian language series: present indicative of the verb jessi

Jessi is the Friulian verb for to be. In the affirmative presint indicatîf (present indicative), the tonic pronouns listed below are optional, but the atonic pronouns are mandatory and appear before the verb. For instance, I am can be expressed as jo o soi or simply o soi; you are can be expressed as tu tu sês or tu sês; he is can be expressed … Continue reading Friulian language series: present indicative of the verb jessi

Friulian language series: contractions (prep. + def. art.)

Friulian contractions of a preposition and definite article can sometimes take more than one form. In the overview below, not all variations are given; the contractions below have been chosen based on their appearance in Bibie par un popul. For instance, the preposition a + definite article la can become either a la or ae, but ae is not included below because it is not … Continue reading Friulian language series: contractions (prep. + def. art.)