On telling the time in Polish

Która godzina? (What time is it?). The noun godzina (hour) is feminine; to state the hour, Polish ordinal numerals are employed in their feminine nominative position. For instance, it is one o’clock in Polish is jest pierwsza godzina (literally, it is the first hour). So as hour may be omitted in English, godzina may be omitted in Polish; the Polish ordinal remains feminine in form. … Continue reading On telling the time in Polish

Krew, the Polish for ‘blood’

The feminine noun krew is the Polish for blood. The very first instance of this noun in the Old Testament appears in the tenth verse of Genesis 4; after Cain has killed his brother Abel, God says to Cain: krew brata twego głośno woła ku Mnie z ziemi (Rdz 4:10). Translated: krew brata twego (the blood of thy brother) głośno woła (crieth forth loudly) ku … Continue reading Krew, the Polish for ‘blood’

Serce, the Polish for ‘heart’

The Polish for heart is the neuter noun serce. Serce appears numerous times in the Bible in its different declined forms. This entry will investigate a number of these instances. Let us take first of all a few instances of serce which have already appeared in the readings: From Rdz 20:5, the following: uczyniłem to w prostocie serca (I did this in simplicity of heart). … Continue reading Serce, the Polish for ‘heart’

Zalim ja jest stróżem brata mego?

Here now is a comparison of two versions of a single verse, Genesis 4:9 (in Polish, Księga Rodzaju 4:9). This is the verse in the story of Cain and Abel where God asks Cain where his brother Abel is, after Abel’s having been killed by his brother in the field. So does Genesis 4:9 read in English, in the King James Version: And the Lord … Continue reading Zalim ja jest stróżem brata mego?

Online resources for learning Polish

Below are different resources available online which the learner may use to study the Polish language on his own. I have kept the number of resources listed here to a minimum; beyond a few altogether indispensable ones (such as SJP and a dictionary), the most important ingredients to the student’s success are his patient analysis of the Polish before him to infer patterns and his … Continue reading Online resources for learning Polish

On telling the date in Polish (months, days, ordinals)

This post presents basic information on telling the date in Polish. The reader may look to the example sentences provided to make sense of which forms to use. Note: Ordinal numerals in both nominative and genitive position up to thirty-first are presented at the end of this post, for the reader’s reference. Miesiące roku Months of the year nominative genitive January (I) styczeń (m.) stycznia … Continue reading On telling the date in Polish (months, days, ordinals)

Polish declension tables

Different Polish declensions have been featured in the various posts of this site. To help the reader locate them, he will find links below pointing to the posts where they appear. The number following each entry indicates the verse whereat he will find the declension table. For instance, should the entry be followed by 5, he must scroll down to the notes at verse 5 … Continue reading Polish declension tables

Polish prepositions and their cases

Below is a selection of Polish prepositions ordered by grammatical case employed by each, with examples drawn from the text of the Biblia Tysiąclecia. Prepositions taking the genitive BEZ (without) — bez winy (Rdz 20:16); bez grzechu (J 8:7); bez ojca (Hbr 7:3); bez matki (Hbr 7:3); bez rodowodu (Hbr 7:3); bez ludzi (Jr 33:10); bez trzody (Jr 33:10); bez obrońcy (Hi 5:4); bez kobiety … Continue reading Polish prepositions and their cases

How to count in Polish (ordinal numerals)

Polish ordinal numerals (first, second, third, etc.) are listed below, in masculine form. See also: Polish cardinal numerals (one, two, three, etc.). 1. pierwszy (first) 2. drugi (second) 3. trzeci (third) 4. czwarty (fourth) 5. piąty (fifth…) 6. szósty 7. siódmy 8. ósmy 9. dziewiąty 10. dziesiąty 11. jedenasty 12. dwunasty 13. trzynasty 14. czternasty 15. piętnasty 16. szesnasty 17. siedemnasty 18. osiemnasty 19. dziewiętnasty … Continue reading How to count in Polish (ordinal numerals)