Friulian language series: Levitic 10, un fûc che nol leve

The tenth chapter of the book of Leviticus describes: une inregolaritât liturgjiche (a liturgical irregularity); regulis cultuâls (cultic rules; religious regulations); la part dai predis (the priests’ portion); conclusion de conte (the account’s conclusion; end of the recounting).

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Read Levitic 10

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Versets 1-3

Vocabulary: il fi (son), cjoli (to take), ognidun (each one), la fughere (brazier, firepan), meti (to put), dentri (inside), il fûc (fire), l’incens (incense), ufrî (to offer), (to go), ordenâ (to order, to command), distacâsi (to come off, to detach oneself), arsinî (to burn, to consume), murî (to die), (to say), intindi (to mean, to intend), sdongjâsi (to draw near), mostrâsi (to show oneself), sant (holy), il popul (people), viodi (to see), la glorie (glory), la peraule (word).

Verse 1: Nadab e Abiu, fîs di Aron (Aaron’s sons Nadab and Abihu), a cjolerin ognidun la sô fughere (each took his firepan), a meterin dentri il fûc e l’incens (put fire and incense therein) e i ufririn al Signôr un fûc *che nol leve* (and offered to the Lord impermissible fire), che il Signôr +no ur al veve ordenât+ (which the Lord had not commanded of them). *Che nol leve: literally, which was not going; the sense of a thing’s ‘not going’ is that it is not right, is not good; the fire was impermissible because it was common fire and had not been taken from the holy fire of the altar. +No ur al veve ordenât: literally, he had not unto them commanded it; ur al is a contraction of ur (unto them) + lu (it), where lu stands in for the masculine fûc [che nol leve].

Verse 2: Alore si distacà dal Signôr un fûc che ju arsinì (so fire that consumed them came off the Lord) e a muririn cussì denant dal Signôr (and thus did they die before the Lord).

Verse 3: Alore Mosè i disè a Aron (Moses then said to Aaron): al è ce che al intindeve il Signôr cuant che al à dit (it is what the Lord meant [was meaning] when he said): a di chel che si sdongje di me (to the one who draws near to me) mi mostrarai sant (I will show myself holy) e denant di dut il popul (and before all the people) o fasarai viodi la mê glorie (I will evince [make see] my glory). Aron nol disè peraule: Aaron said not a word.

Versets 4-7

Vocabulary: clamâ (to call), il fi (son), il barbe (uncle), (to say), vignî (to come), ca (here), puartâ vie (to take/carry away), il fradi (brother), il santuari (sanctuary), il campament (camp), svissinâsi (to draw near), alçâ sù (to lift, to raise), la tonie (tunic), sgjavelâsi (to dishevel one’s hair), sbregâ (to tear, to rend), i vistîts (vestments, clothes), capitâ (to happen, to occur), murî (to die), cjapâse (to become angered), la comunitât (community), la cjase (house), fâ corot (to mourn), la muart (death), sfulminâ (to blaze), mandâ (to send), slontanâsi (to distance oneself), la jentrade (entrance), la tende (tent), la cunvigne (convocation), il vueli (oil), la consacrazion (consecration), strucjâ (to pour), daûr (behind, following).

Verse 4: Mosè al clamà Misael e Elsafan, fîs di Uziel, barbe di Aron (Moses called Mishael and Elzaphan, sons of Uzziel uncle of Aaron), e ur disè (and said to them): vignît ca (come here), puartait vie chescj vuestris fradis dal santuari (carry away these your brothers from the sanctuary), fûr dal campament (out of the camp).

Verse 5: Lôr si svissinarin e, alçantju sù cu la lôr tonie (they drew near and, lifting them by their tunics [with their tunic]), ju puartarin fûr dal campament (carried them out of the camp), come che al veve dit Mosè (as Moses had said).

Verse 6: Mosè ur disè a Aron, a Eleazar e a Itamar, siei fîs (Moses said to Aaron and to his sons Eleazar and Ithamar): *no stait a* sgjavelâsi e a sbregâsi i vistîts (do not dishevel your hair or rend your vestments), +che no us capiti+ di murî e +che il Signôr no se cjapi+ cun dute la comunitât (lest you die and the Lord become angered with the entire community [that it should not befall you to die and that the Lord should become angered with the entire community]). I vuestris fradis, dute la cjase di Israel, che a fasin corot (let your brothers, the entire house of Israel, mourn) par vie de muart sfulminant (on account of the blazing death) che il Signôr ur à mandade (that the Lord sent them). *Review how to negate an imperative in Friulian: no sta sbregâ (do not rend; second-person singular); che nol stedi a sbregâ (let him not rend; masculine third-person singular); che no stedi a sbregâ (let her not rend; feminine third-person singular); no stin a sbregâ (let us not rend; first-person plural); no stait a sbregâ (do not rend; second-person plural); che no stedin a sbregâ (let them not rend; third-person plural). +Review the use of the subjunctive: no us capite > che no us capiti (it does not befall you > let it not befall you); il Signôr no se cjape > che il Signôr no se cjapi (the Lord does not become angered > may the Lord not become angered).

Verse 7: No stait però a slontanâsi de jentrade de tende de cunvigne (but do not go far from the entrance of the tent of the convocation), di no murî (lest you die [so as not to die]), parcè che il vueli de consacrazion al è strucjât sun vualtris (for the consecration oil has been poured upon you). E lôr a faserin daûr che al veve dit Mosè: and they did according to what Moses had said.

Versets 8-11

Vocabulary: fevelâ (to speak), vê di (to have to, must), jentrâ (to enter, to go in), la tende (tent), la cunvigne (convocation), bevi (to drink), il vin (wine), no… ni… ni (neither… nor… nor), altri (other), la bevande (drink), scjaldâ (to heat up), capitâ (to happen, to occur), murî (to die), la leç (law), eterni (eternal, everlasting), la gjenerazion (generation), rivâ a fâ (to be able to do), disserni (to discern), mont (clean), podê (may, can, to be able), insegnâ (to instruct, to teach), il fi (son), (to give), a mieç di (through, by way of).

Verses 8-9: Il Signôr i fevelà a Mosè (the Lord spoke to Moses): cuant che o vês di jentrâ te tende de cunvigne (when you are to enter the tent of the convocation), no stait a bevi ni vin ni altre bevande ch’e scjalde* (do not drink wine or other drink that intoxicates [heats {one} up]), che no us capiti di murî (lest you die [that it should not befall you to die]); e je une leç eterne (it is an eternal law), par dutis lis vuestris gjenerazions (for all your generations). *Scjaldâ: literally, to heat up; a drink that heats one up is an intoxicating one, which is to say, an alcoholic beverage.

Verses 10-11: Chest par rivâ a disserni (this so as to be able to discern) ce che al è mont (that which is clean) e par podêur insegnâ ai fîs di Israel dutis lis leçs (and to be able to teach the Israelites [to the Israelites] all the laws) che il Signôr us à dadis a mieç di Mosè (that the Lord has given you through Moses).

Versets 12-15

Vocabulary: (to say), il fi (son), ancjemò (still, yet), la vite (life), cjoli (to take), la oblazion (oblation), vanzâ (to be left over, to remain {in excess}), il sacrifici (sacrifice), un onôr (honour), mangjâ (to eat), il levan (leaven), un altâr (altar), la robe (thing, matter), santissim (most holy), vê di (must, to have to), il lûc (place, site), sant (holy), la part (part, share, portion), tocjâi a (to fall to the lot of, to be the due of), consumâ (to consume), il fûc (fire), di fat (in fact), un ordin (order, command), il pet (breast, chest), la vitime (victim), la ufierte (offering), presentâ (to present), la regule (rule, regulation), la cuesse (thigh), ufiert (offered), alçâ (to lift, to raise), la fie (daughter), mont (clean), (to give), la comunion (communion), insieme cun (along with), il gras (fat), brusâ (to burn), la leç (law), eterni (eternal, everlasting), daûr (behind, following), ordenâ (to order, to command).

Verse 12: Mosè i disè a Aron, a Eleazar e a Itamar, i fîs di Aron ancjemò in vite (Moses said to Aaron and to Aaron’s sons {who were} yet alive [yet in life] Eleazar and Ithamar): cjolêt l’oblazion ch’e vanze dai sacrificis in onôr dal Signôr (take the oblation that is left over from the sacrifices in honour of the Lord), e mangjaitle cence levan, dongje dal altâr (and eat it unleavened [without leaven] by the altar); parcè che e je robe santissime (for it is a most holy thing).

Verse 13: O vês di mangjâle tun lûc sant (you are to eat it in a holy place), parcè che e je la part che ti tocje a ti e ai tiei fîs (for it is the portion that falls to your lot and to that of your sons) tai sacrificis consumâts dal fûc in onôr dal Signôr (from the [in the] sacrifices consumed by fire in honour of the Lord); di fat cussì o ài vût ordin (I was in fact thus commanded [in fact thus did I receive command]).

Verse 14: Il pet de vitime ufierte (the breast of the victim offered) cuant che si le presente* seont regule (when it is presented [when one presents it] according to rule) e la cuesse ufierte cuant che si le alce+ seont regule (and the thigh offered when it is raised  [when one raises it] according to rule) ju mangjarês tu, i tiei fîs e lis tôs fiis cun te tun lûc mont (shall be eaten by you and your sons and daughters with you in a clean place [you shall eat them you yourself, your sons and your daughters with you in a clean place]), parcè che us son stâts dâts come part tô e dai tiei fîs (for they were given to you as your portion and as that of your children) tai sacrificis di comunion dai fîs di Israel (from the [in the] sacrifices of communion of the sons of Israel). *Presentâ: used of wave offerings. +Alçâ: used of heave offerings.

Verse 15: A presentaran (they shall present), insieme cun dut il gras di brusâ (along with all the fat to be burnt [the fat to burn]), la cuesse de vitime di alçâle* seont la regule (the thigh of the victim to be raised according to rule) e il pet di presentâlu* seont la regule (and the breast to be presented according to rule), par che a sedin presentâts denant dal Signôr (that they may be presented before the Lord); dut chest ti tocjarà a ti e ai tiei fîs come leç eterne (all this shall fall to your lot and to that of your sons as an eternal law), daûr che al à ordenât il Signôr (according to what the Lord has commanded). *Alçâ, presentâ: see notes at verse 14.

Versets 16-20

Vocabulary: informâsi (to inform oneself, to inquire), a puntin (diligently, carefully), in merit di (regarding, in the matter of), il bec (he-goat), il sacrifici (sacrifice), la espiazion (expiation), vignî a savê (to come to know), brusâ (to burn), disdegnâsi (to become angered), il fi (son), ancjemò (still, yet), la vite (life), (to say), mangjâ (to eat), la vitime (victim), il lûc (place, site), sant (holy), tratâsi di (to be a matter of, to be question of), la robe (thing, matter), santissim (most holy), (to give), puartâ (to bear, to carry), la tristerie (wickedness, iniquity), la comunitât (community), la funzion (function, act), ve (behold), il sanc (blood), puartâ dentri (to bring inside), il santuari (sanctuary), la cjar (flesh), un ordin (order, command), (to say), cjalâ (to look), vuê (today), ufrî (to offer), un olocaust (holocaust), sucedi (to happen, to occur), plasê (to be pleasing), scoltâ (to listen), semeâ (to seem; also someâ), dijust (right).

Verses 16-17: Mosè si informà a puntin (Moses inquired diligently) in merit dal bec (in the matter of the he-goat) dal sacrifici di espiazion (of the sacrifice of expiation) e al vignì a savê che lu vevin brusât (and found out [and came to know] that it had been burnt [that they had burnt it]). Alore si disdegnà cuintri di Eleazar e di Itamar (so he became angered with [against] Eleazar and Ithamar), i fîs di Aron ancjemò in vite (Aaron’s sons {who were} yet alive [yet in life]), e ur disè (and said to them): parcè po no vêso mangjade la vitime di espiazion (why ever did you not eat the victim of expiation) tal lûc sant (in the holy place), tratantsi di une robe santissime? (given that it is [being a matter of] a most holy thing?). Il Signôr *us e* à dade (the Lord has given it to you) par ch’e puarti la tristerie di dute la comunitât (that it may bear the iniquity of the entire community), par che o fasês sun jê la funzion di espiazion (that you may perform [do] upon it the act of expiation) denant dal Signôr (before the Lord). *Us e is a contraction of us (unto you) + le (it), where le stands in for the feminine vitime: il Signôr (the Lord) us e (unto you + it) à dade (has given), which is to say, the Lord has given it to you.

Verse 18: Ve (behold), il sanc de vitime nol è stât puartât dentri tal santuari (the blood of the victim was not brought inside the sanctuary); vualtris *o varessis vût* di mangjâ la cjar tal santuari (you ought to have eaten the flesh in the sanctuary) come che o vevi dât ordin (as I had commanded [as I had given order]). *O varessis vût (you would have had): this uses the condizionâl passât of the second-person plural; the expression used in this verse is vê di, so o varessis vût di mangjâ (literally, you would have had to eat) is to be taken as meaning you should have eaten, you ought to have eaten.

Verse 19: Alore Aron i disè a Mosè (Aaron then said to Moses): cjale mo (look now): lôr vuê a àn ufiert (they have offered today) il sacrifici di espiazion e l’olocaust (the sacrifice of expiation and the holocaust) denant dal Signôr (before the Lord). Dopo di ce che mi à sucedût (after that which has befallen me), se vuê o ves* mangjade la vitime dal sacrifici di espiazion (if today I had eaten the victim of the sacrifice of expiation), i varessial plasût al Signôr? (would it have been pleasing to the Lord?). *The subjunctive is used here (o ves rather than o vevi) because of the presence of se (if).

Verse 20: Mosè al scoltà (Moses listened) e i semeà dijust (and to him it seemed right).