Friulian language series: Levitic 5, sacrificis di riparazion

The fifth chapter of the book of Leviticus describes such matter: câs particolârs (particular cases); sacrificis di riparazion (sacrifices of reparation).

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Versets 1-4

Vocabulary: pecjâ (to sin), il câs (case), palesâ (to disclose), nuie (not a thing), seben (although), sintî (to hear), il sproc (outburst), la bramazion (execration), il testemoni (witness), viodi (to see), savê (to know), vê di (to have to), rispuindi (to respond), la tristerie (wickedness), o ben (or else), cence (without), inacuargisi (to notice), tocjâ (to touch), la robe (matter), soç (unclean), usance (after the manner of), il cadavar (cadaver), la bestie (beast) il nemâl (animal), dumiesti (domestic), strissinâsi (to shuffle oneself), restâ (to remain), la colpe (fault), un om (man), cualunche (whichsoever), deventâ (to become), vignî (to come), (to make, to do), fevelâ (to speak), cussì (so), libar (freely), zurâ (to swear), il zurament (oath), pensâ sore (to think over), alc di mâl (something ill), alc di ben (something good).

Verse 1: Se un al pecje intun di chescj câs (if a one sins in one of these cases): nol palese nuie (he discloses not a thing), seben che al à sintût il sproc di bramazion (although he has heard the outburst of execration) e al è testemoni lui o al à viodût e savût (and he himself is witness or has seen and known), al à di rispuindi de sô tristerie (he is to respond for his wickedness).

Verse 2: O ben cuant che un (or else when a one), cence inacuargisi (without noticing), al tocje une robe soce (touches an unclean matter), usance il cadavar di une bestie (after the manner of the cadaver of a beast) o il cadavar di un nemâl dumiesti (or the cadaver of a domestic animal) o chel di un che si strissine (or that of one which shuffles itself), al restarà ancje lui soç e in colpe (he shall remain also he unclean and in fault).

Verse 3: O ben cuant che (or else when), cence inacuargisi (without noticing), al tocje une robe soce dal om (he touches an unclean matter of man)une cualunche di chês robis che un om al devente soç (one whichsoever of those matters whereby a man becomes unclean) —, cuant che al vignarà a savêlu (when he comes [will come] to know it), al sarà in colpe (he shall be in fault).

Verse 4: O ben cuant che un (or else when a one), cence fâ câs (without taking note [without making case]), fevelant cussì, libar (in speaking so, freely), al varà zurât (has sworn [will have sworn]), cuntun di chei zuraments che i oms a fasin cence pensâ sore (with one of those oaths which men make without thinking over), di fâ alc di mâl o di ben (to do something ill or good), se al vignarà a savêlu (if he comes [will come] to know it) al sarà in colpe (he shall be in fault).

Versets 5-10

Vocabulary: duncje (therefore), la colpe (fault), la robe (matter), confessâ (to confess), il pecjât (sin), (to make), puartâ (to bear), la riparazion (reparation), la mascje (female), il besteam (cattle), minût (little), la piore (sheep), la cjavre (goat), a mût di (as), il sacrifici (sacrifice), la espiazion (expiation), il predi (priest), la funzion (function), (to have), i pussibilitâts (the means), procurâsi (to procure for oneself), presentâ (to present), dôs (f., two), la tortorele (turtledove), doi (m., two), il colomp (pigeon), tant che (as), altri (other), un olocaust (holocaust), ufrî (to offer), par prin (first {of all}), spacâ (to break), il cjâf (head), dongje di (alongside), la cope (nape), cence (without), distacâ (to detach), po (then), sborfâ (to sprinkle), il sanc (blood), il flanc (flank), un altâr (altar), striçâ (to squeeze), vanzâ (to be remanent), il çocul (base), un ucel (bird), daûr di (according to), la regule (rule), distinâ (to destine), cussì (so), cometi (to commit), perdonâ (to pardon).

Verses 5-6: Cuant che duncje un al sarà in colpe (when therefore a one is [will be] in fault) par une di chestis robis (for one of these matters), al confessarà il pecjât che al à fat (he shall confess the sin which he has committed [has made]); i puartarà al Signôr (he shall bear to the Lord), in riparazion de sô colpe pal pecjât che al à fat (in reparation of his fault for the sin which he has committed [has made]), une mascje di besteam minût, piore o cjavre (a female of little cattle, a sheep or goat), a mût di sacrifici di espiazion (as a sacrifice of expiation). Il predi al fasarà par lui la funzion di espiazion (the priest shall make for him the function of expiation) pal so pecjât (for his sin).

Verse 7: Se nol à pussibilitâts di procurâsi une piore o une cjavre (if he has not the means to procure for himself a sheep or a goat), i presentarà al Signôr (he shall present to the Lord), in riparazion de sô colpe pal pecjât che al à fat (in reparation of his fault for the sin which he has committed [has made]), dôs* tortorelis o doi* colomps (two turtledoves or two pigeons): un tant che sacrifici di espiazion (the one as a sacrifice of expiation) e chel altri tant che olocaust (and that other as a holocaust). — *Doi is the masculine form for two in Friulian, whereas dôs is the feminine. Colomp is a masculine noun, whence doi colomps; tortorele is a feminine noun, whence dôs tortorelis.

Verses 8-9: Jai presentarà al predi (he shall present them to the priest), che al ufrissarà par prin chel di espiazion (who shall offer first that of expiation): i spacarà il cjâf dongje de cope ma cence distacâlu (he shall break its head alongside the nape but without detaching it); po al sborfarà il sanc dal sacrifici di espiazion sul flanc dal altâr (then he shall sprinkle the blood of the sacrifice of expiation on the flank of the altar) e al striçarà chel che al vanze sul çocul dal altâr (and shall squeeze that which is remanent on the base of the altar). Chest al è un sacrifici di espiazion: this is a sacrifice of expiation.

Verse 10: Chel altri ucel lu ufrissarà a mût di olocaust (that other bird shall he offer as a holocaust), daûr des regulis distinadis (according to the destined rules). Cussì il predi al fasarà par lui il sacrifici di espiazion pal pecjât che al à cometût (so the priest shall make for him the sacrifice of expiation for the sin which he has committed) e i sarà perdonât (and it shall be pardoned him).

Versets 11-13

Vocabulary: se però (but if), (to have), i pussibilitâts (the means), procurâsi (to procure for oneself), dôs (f., two), la tortorele (turtledove), doi (two), il colomp (pigeon), puartâ (to bear), la ufierte (offering), il pecjât (sin), cometi (to commit), decim (tenth), la part (part), un efa (ephah), la farine di flôr (fine flour), a mût di (as), il sacrifici (sacrifice), la espiazion (expiation), vê di (to have to), meti (to put), il vueli (oil), l’incens (incense), il predi (priest), int (thereof), cjapâ sù (to take up), la zumiele (cupped-handsful), tant che (as), il memoriâl (memorial), (to make), brusâ (to burn), un altâr (altar), parsore di (over), la vitime (victim), consumâ (to consume), il fûc (fire), un onôr (honour), cussì (so), la funzion (function), il câs (case), (to tell), modant (just now), perdonâ (to pardon), vanzâ (to be remanent).

Verse 11: Se però nol à pussibilitâts di procurâsi dôs tortorelis o doi colomps (but if he has not the means to procure for himself two turtledoves or two pigeons), al puartarà (he shall bear), come ufierte pal pecjât cometût (as an offering for the sin committed), la decime part di efa di farine di flôr (the tenth part of an ephah of fine flour), a mût di sacrifici di espiazion (as a sacrifice of expiation); nol à di meti ni vueli ni incens (he is to put neither oil nor incense), parcè che al è un sacrifici di espiazion (for it is a sacrifice of expiation).

Verse 12: I puartarà la farine al predi (he shall bear the flour to the priest), che int cjaparà sù une zumiele (who shall take up thereof a cupped-handsful) tant che memoriâl (as a memorial), fasintle brusâ sul altâr (in making it burn on the altar) parsore des vitimis consumadis dal fûc (over the victims consumed by fire) in onôr dal Signôr (in honour of the Lord). Al è un sacrifici di espiazion: it is a sacrifice of expiation.

Verse 13: Cussì il predi al fasarà par lui la funzion di espiazion (so the priest shall make for him the function of expiation) pal pecjât che al à fat (for the sin which he has committed [has made]) tun di chei câs che o vin dit modant (in one of those cases whereof we have just now told), e i sarà perdonât (and it shall be pardoned him). Ce che al vanze al sarà pal predi (that which is remanent shall be for the priest), come ufierte (as an offering).

Versets 14-19

Vocabulary: fevelâ (to speak), (to say), cualchidun (a one), (to make, to do), un imbroi (deceit), pecjâ (to sin), cence (without), pensâ sore (to think over), tignî indaûr (to keep back), alc (something), consacrâ (to consecrate), puartâ (to bear), il sacrifici (sacrifice), la riparazion (reparation), il roc (ram), la pecje (blemish), cjoli (to take), il trop (flock), stimâ (to valuate), il sicli (shekel), d’arint (of silver), seont (according to), il valôr (value), il santuari (sanctuary), rifondi (to compensate {for}), il damp (damage), zontâ (to add), cuint (fifth), la part (part), (to give), il predi (priest), la funzion (function), la espiazion (expiation), ufrî (to offer), a mût di (as), (to have), il perdon (pardon), savê (to know), la robe (matter), inibî (to bar), la colpe (fault), vê di (to have to), paiâ (to pay {for}), il fal (error), presentâ (to present), il besteam (cattle), minût (little), la stime (valuation), cumbinâ (to bring to issue), perdonâ (to pardon), par vie che (given that), un om (man), tai confronts di (towards).

Verses 14-16: Il Signôr i fevelà a Mosè e i disè (the Lord spoke to Moses and said to him): se cualchidun al fâs un imbroi (if a one commits [makes] a deceit) e al pecje cence pensâ sore (and sins without thinking over), tignint indaûr alc di ce che al è consacrât al Signôr (in keeping back something of that which is consecrated to the Lord), che al puarti come sacrifici di riparazion al Signôr un roc cence pecjis (let him bear as a sacrifice of reparation to the Lord a ram without blemishes), cjolt dal trop (taken from the flock), che tu lu stimarâs in siclis d’arint (which you shall valuate in shekels of silver) seont il valôr dal sicli dal santuari (according to the value of the sanctuary shekel); al rifondarà il damp fat al santuari (he shall compensate for the damage made to the sanctuary) zontant une cuinte part (in adding a fifth part) e je darà al predi (and shall give it to the priest), che al fasarà par lui la funzion di espiazion (who shall make for him the function of expiation) cul roc ufiert a mût di sacrifici di riparazion (with the ram offered as a sacrifice of reparation), e al varà il perdon (and he shall have the pardon).

Verse 17: Cuant che un al pecjarà fasint (when a one sins [will sin] in doing), cence savê (without knowing), une robe che il Signôr je à inibide (a matter which the Lord has barred him), al sarà in colpe (he shall be in fault) e al varà di paiâ il so fal (and shall have to pay for his error).

Verse 18: I presentarà al predi (he shall present to the priest), a mût di sacrifici di riparazion (as a sacrifice of reparation), un roc cence pecjis (a ram without blemishes), cjolt dal besteam minût (taken from the little cattle) seont la tô stime (according to your valuation); il predi al fasarà par lui la funzion di espiazion (the priest shall make for him the function of expiation) pal fal cumbinât cence savê (for the error brought to issue without knowing) e i sarà perdonât (and it shall be pardonded him).

Verse 19: Al è un sacrifici di riparazion (it is a sacrifice of reparation), par vie che chel om al jere in colpe (given that that man was in fault) tai confronts dal Signôr (towards the Lord).

Versets 20-26

Vocabulary: (to say, to tell), cualchidun (a one), pecjâ (to sin), (to make, to do), un imbroi (deceit), cuintri di (against), ingjanâ (to trick), il prossim (neighbour), il cont (account), il dipuesit (deposit), il pegn (pledge), la robe (matter), strafuî (to steal), aprofitâsi di (to take advantage of), cjatâ (to find), pierdi (to lose), la bausie (lie), zurâ (to swear), il fals (falsehood), a rivuart di (in regard to), dut (all), un om (man), podê (may), la colpe (fault), vê di (to have to), tornâ (to return), robâ (to rob), gjavâ fûr (to withdraw forth), un ingjan (trickery), (to have), la consegne (safekeeping), cualunche (whichsoever), altri (other), zontâ (to add), cuint (fifth), la part (part), (to give), il paron (master), legjitim (legitimate), la dì (day), stes (very), il sacrifici (sacrifice), la riparazion (reparation), puartâ (to bear), il predi (priest), a mût di (as), un onôr (honour), il roc (ram), la pecje (blemish), cjoli (to take), il besteam (cattle), minût (little), daûr di (according to), la stime (valuation), la funzion (function), la espiazion (expiation), denant di (before), il perdon (pardon), cualsisedi (whichsoever), la azion (action).

Verses 20-24: Il Signôr i disè a Mosè (the Lord said to Moses): se cualchidun al pecje (if a one sins) e al fâs un imbroi cuintri dal Signôr (and commits [makes] a deceit against the Lord) ingjanant un so prossim (in tricking a neighbour of his) par cont di dipuesits, di pegns o di robe strafuide (by account of deposits, pledges or stolen matter), o se si aprofite dal so prossim (or if he takes advantage of his neighbour), o se al à cjatade une robe pierdude (or if he has found a lost matter) e al dîs bausiis (and tells lies) zurant ancje il fals (in swearing also a falsehood) a rivuart di dutis chês robis (in regard to all those matters) là che l’om al pò pecjâ (where man may sin), cuant che al varà pecjât e al sarà in colpe (when he has [will have] sinned and is [will be] in fault), al varà di tornâ la robe robade o gjavade fûr cul ingjan (he shall have to return the matter robbed or withdrawn forth with trickery) o il dipuesit che al veve vût in consegne (or the deposit which he had received* in safekeeping) o la robe pierdude che le veve cjatade (or the lost matter which he had found) o cualunche altre robe che al vedi zurât il fals (or whichsoever other matter whereabout he may have sworn a falsehood). Al varà di tornâ dut (he shall have to return all), zontant une cuinte part (in adding a fifth part), e i darà dut al paron legjitim (and he shall give all to the legitimate master) la dì stesse che al fasarà il sacrifici di riparazion (the very day when he makes [will make] the sacrifice of reparation). — *Here the verb (to have) takes the sense of to receive; it is employed in the trapassât prossim.

Verse 25: I puartarà al predi (he shall bear to the priest), a mût di sacrifici di riparazion in onôr dal Signôr (as a sacrifice of reparation in honour of the Lord), un roc cence pecjis (a ram without blemishes), cjolt dal besteam minût (taken from the little cattle) daûr de stime fate (according to the valuation made).

Verse 26: Il predi al fasarà par lui une funzion di espiazion denant dal Signôr (the priest shall make for him a function of expiation before the Lord) e al varà il perdon (and he shall have the pardon), cualsisedi azion che al vedi fate (whichsoever action he may have done).