Polish language series: Rdz 18, Bóg w gościnie u Abrahama

In the eighteenth chapter of the book of Genesis, or Rdz 18, you will study the Polish text as it relates to the following subject matter: Bóg w gościnie u Abrahama (God visits Abraham). The feminine noun gościna means visit. W gościnie (locative) can be understood literally as in visit, whereas u Abrahama (genitive) translates literally as at Abraham. If you are arriving on this … Continue reading Polish language series: Rdz 18, Bóg w gościnie u Abrahama

Polish language series: Rdz 17, przymierze obrzezania

In Rdz 17, or chapter 17 of the book of Genesis, God establishes a covenant of circumcision with Abram, who is renamed Abraham. The Polish for circumcision is the neuter noun obrzezanie. Przymierze obrzezania, then, means covenant of circumcision. If you are arriving on this site for the first time, begin your study of the Polish language here (Rdz 1). In your study of Polish, … Continue reading Polish language series: Rdz 17, przymierze obrzezania

Friulian language series: Esodo 11, lis plais dal Egjit

In Esodo 11, or the eleventh chapter of the book of Exodus, you begin to read about the tenth plague of Egypt, which is the death of firstborns. In Friulian, this is expressed as la muart dai primarûi (from the masculine singular primarûl, firstborn) or la muart dai prins nassûts. If you are arriving on this site for the first time, begin your study of … Continue reading Friulian language series: Esodo 11, lis plais dal Egjit

Friulian language series: Esodo 10, lis plais dal Egjit

You will now study the Friulian text of Esodo 10, or the tenth chapter of the book of Exodus. In this chapter, you continue to read about lis plais dal Egjit (the plagues of Egypt), in particular the eighth and ninth plagues, which are i zupets (locusts) and il scûr (darkness). If you are arriving on this site for the first time, begin your study of the … Continue reading Friulian language series: Esodo 10, lis plais dal Egjit

Polish language series: Rdz 16, pierworodny syn Abrama

In this post, you will study the Polish text of Rdz 16, or the sixteenth chapter of the book of Genesis, where the subject matter is pierworodny syn Abrama (firstborn son of Abram). His firstborn was Izmael (Ishmael). If you are arriving on this site for the first time, begin your study of the Polish language here (Rdz 1). In your study of Polish, you … Continue reading Polish language series: Rdz 16, pierworodny syn Abrama

Polish language series: Rdz 15, Ja jestem twoim obrońcą

In the Polish version of the fifteenth chapter of the book of Genesis, or Rdz 15, the subject matter is zapowiedź licznego potomstwa i przymierze (announcement of numerous offspring and the covenant). You may need to review the following: zapowiedź (f., announcement), liczny (numerous), potomstwo (n., offspring), przymierze (n., covenant). As for the meaning of the Polish Ja jestem twoim obrońcą in the title of this … Continue reading Polish language series: Rdz 15, Ja jestem twoim obrońcą

Polish language series: Rdz 14, Kedorlaomer

You will now study the Polish text of Rdz 14, or the fourteenth chapter of the book of Genesis, where the subject matter is wyprawa wojenna królów mezopotamskich (war expedition of the Mesopotamian kings). From this, learn the following: wyprawa (f., expedition), wojenny (martial, war), król (m., king), mezopotamski (Mesopotamian). If you are arriving on this site for the first time, begin your study of … Continue reading Polish language series: Rdz 14, Kedorlaomer

Friulian language series: Esodo 9, lis plais dal Egjit

In Esodo 9, or the ninth chapter of the book of Exodus, you continue to read about lis plais dal Egjit (the plagues of Egypt). You now also read about the fifth, sixth and seventh plagues, which are la muart dal besteam (the death of livestock), i acès (abscesses) and la tampieste (hail). If you are arriving on this site for the first time, begin … Continue reading Friulian language series: Esodo 9, lis plais dal Egjit

Polish language series: Rdz 13, Abram rozstaje się z Lotem

In chapter 13 of the book of Genesis, the subject matter is Abram rozstaje się z Lotem (Abram parts with Lot). The imperfective Polish verb rozstawać się means to part, to split up. If you are arriving on this site for the first time, begin your study of the Polish language here (Rdz 1). In your study of Polish, you will use the Biblia Tysiąclecia … Continue reading Polish language series: Rdz 13, Abram rozstaje się z Lotem

Polish language series: Rdz 12, Bóg powołuje Abrama

A large amount of new Polish vocabulary appears in Rdz 12. Amongst this vocabulary are the cardinal directions in Polish, which you will study in the notes below for verse 8. This twelfth chapter of the book of Genesis deals with the following subject matter: Bóg powołuje Abrama (God appoints Abram) and Abram w Egipcie (Abram in Egypt). The imperfective verb powoływać means to appoint, … Continue reading Polish language series: Rdz 12, Bóg powołuje Abrama