Friulian language series: Esodo 7, lis plais dal Egjit

With the seventh chapter of the book of Exodus begins the recounting of the plagues of Egypt: lis plais dal Egjit. The Friulian for plague is the feminine plae, standardised as plaie. Of the ten plagues, the first two are encountered in this chapter: l’aghe tramudade in sanc (water turned into blood); i crots (frogs).

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Read Esodo 7

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Versets 1-7

Vocabulary: (to say), viodi (to see), (to make, to do), il diu (god), il faraon (pharaoh), il fradi (brother), il profete (prophet), ordenâ (to order), ripeti (to repeat), lassâ (to let), lâ vie (to go away), la tiere (land), un israelit (Israelite), indurî (to harden), il cûr (heart), il disordin (mess), il spieli (marvel), la robone (wonder), di no crodi (unbelievable), volê (to will), scoltâ (to heed), slungjâ (to extend), la man (hand), saltâ fûr (to come forth), la schirie (array), il popul (people), il cjastic (punishment), vê di (to have to), visâsi di (to remember), di li (thence), un egjizian (Egyptian), inacuargisi (to notice), otante (eighty), un an (year), otantetrê (eighty-three), presentâsi (to present oneself), denant di (before).

Verse 1: Il Signôr i disè a Mosè (the Lord said to Moses): viôt che jo o ài fat di te un diu pal faraon (see that I have made a god of you for the pharaoh) e Aron, to fradi, al sarà il to profete (and your brother Aaron shall be your prophet).

Verse 2: Tu tu i disarâs dut ce che jo ti ordenarai (you shall say to him all that which I order [will order] you) e Aron, to fradi, jal* ripetarà al faraon (and your brother Aaron shall repeat it to the pharaoh) par che al lassi lâ vie de sô tiere i israelits (that he may let the Israelites go away from his land). — *Jal is the contraction of i + lu (unto him + it).

Verse 3: Jo o indurissarai il cûr dal faraon (I will harden the heart of the pharaoh) e o fasarai te tiere dal Egjit (and will do in the land of Egypt) un disordin di spiei e di robonis di no crodi (a mess of unbelievable marvels and wonders).

Verse 4: Il faraon nol volarà scoltâus (the pharaoh will not heed you) e alore, jo o slungjarai la mê man sul Egjit (and so I will extend my hand upon Egypt) e o fasarai saltâ fûr lis mês schiriis (and will make my arrays come forth), il gno popul, i israelits (my people the Israelites), de tiere dal Egjit (from the land of Egypt) cun cjastics che a varan di visâsi (with punishments which are to be remembered).

Verse 5: E cussì, cuant che o slungjarai la mê man (and so when I extend [will extend] my hand) cuintri dai egjizians (against the Egyptians) e o fasarai saltâ fûr di li di lôr i israelits (and make [will make] the Israelites come forth thence from them), i egjizians si ’nacuarzaran che jo o soi il Signôr (the Egyptians shall notice that I am the Lord).

Verse 6: Mosè e Aron a faserin (Moses and Aaron did) come che il Signôr ur veve ordenât (as the Lord had ordered them).

Verse 7: Mosè al veve otant’agns (Moses was eighty years old [had eighty years]) e Aron otantetrê (and Aaron eighty-three) cuant che si presentarin denant dal faraon (when they presented themselves before the pharaoh). — Review: How to count in Friulian.

Versets 8-13

Vocabulary: (to say), il faraon (pharaoh), domandâ (to ask), (to do), il spieli (marvel), cjoli (to take), il baston (staff), butâ (to cast), denant di (before), tramudâsi in (to turn oneself into), il madrac (serpent), (to go), daûr che (accordingly), ordenâ (to order), il famei (servant), clamâ (to call), il mago (wise man), il strolic (magician), il striament (enchantment), egjizian (Egyptian), precîs edentic (the very same), ognidun (each), ma però (but), gloti (to swallow), cun dut chest (yet), il cûr (heart), indurîsi (to harden oneself), ancjemò piês (yet worse), scoltâ (to heed), propit (squarely), antiviodi (to foresee).

Verses 8-9: Il Signôr i disè a Mosè e a Aron (the Lord said to Moses and Aaron): se il faraon us domande di fâ un spieli (if the pharaoh asks you to do a marvel), tu i disarâs a Aron (you shall say to Aaron): cjol il to baston (take your staff), butilu* denant dal faraon (cast it before the pharaoh) e +che si tramudi+ intun madrac (and let it turn itself into a serpent). — *Review: butâ (to cast); bute (cast; second-person singular imperative); butilu (cast it; second-person singular imperative with final e of bute changed to i before the attachment of lu). +Consider: si tramude in (it turns itself into); che si tramudi in (let it turn itself into).

Verse 10: Mosè e Aron a lerin dal faraon (Moses and Aaron went to the pharaoh) e a faserin daûr che ur veve ordenât il Signôr (and did accordingly as the Lord had ordered them): Aron al butà il so baston (Aaron cast his staff) denant dal faraon e di ducj i siei fameis (before the pharaoh and all his servants), e chel si tramudà intun madrac (and that one turned itself into a serpent).

Verse 11: Alore il faraon al clamà ducj i magos e i strolics e (then the pharaoh called all the wise men and the magicians and), cui lôr striaments (with their enchantments), i magos egjizians a faserin precîs edentic (the Egyptian wise men did the very same).

Verse 12: A butarin ognidun il so baston (each cast his staff) che si tramudà intun madrac (which turned itself into a serpent), ma però il baston di Aron (but Aaron’s staff) al glotè i lôr bastons (swallowed their staffs).

Verse 13: Cun dut chest, il cûr dal faraon (yet the heart of the pharaoh) si indurì ancjemò piês (hardended itself yet worse) e no ju scoltà (and he heeded them not), propit come che al veve antiviodût il Signôr (squarely as the Lord had foreseen).

Versets 14-19

Vocabulary: (to say), il cûr (heart), il faraon (pharaoh), deventâ (to become), ancjemò plui (yet more), dûr (hard), volê (to will), lassâ (to let), (to go), il popul (people), doman (tomorrow), la buinore (morning), a buinore (in the morning), doman a buinore (tomorrow morning), la ore (hour), lâ jù (to go down), la aghe (water), fermâsi (to halt oneself), spietâ (to await), la rive (shore), il flum (river), cjoli in man (to take into hand), la man (hand), il baston (staff), tramudâsi in (to turn oneself into), il madrac (serpent), un ebreu (Hebrew), mandâ (to send), il sacrifici (sacrifice), il desert (desert), fintremai cumò (hitherto), scoltâ (to heed), cussì (so), cumò (now), savê (to know), vê in man (to have in hand), bati (to strike), il sanc (blood), il pes (fish), crepâ (to die), deventâ (to become), tâl (such), un infet (stench), un egjizian (Egyptian), podê (to be able), no… altri (no more), bevi (to drink), slungjâ (to extend), sore (over), il canâl (canal), il palût (marsh), la risierve (reserve), incolm di (filled with), parfin (even), un arbul (tree), il clap (stone).

Verse 14: Il Signôr i disè a Mosè (the Lord said to Moses): il cûr dal faraon al è deventât ancjemò plui dûr (the heart of the pharaoh has become yet harder) e nol vûl lassâ lâ il popul (and he wills not let the people go).

Verse 15: Doman a buinore tu vâs dal faraon (tomorrow morning you go to the pharaoh), su l’ore che al va jù ta l’aghe (on the hour when he goes down into the water), e tu ti fermis a spietâlu (and you halt yourself to await him) su la rive dal flum (on the shore of the river). Tu cjolarâs in man (you shall take into hand) il baston che si è tramudât in madrac (the staff which turned itself into a serpent).

Verse 16: Tu i disarâs (you shall say to him): il Signôr, il Diu dai ebreus (the Lord, the God of the Hebrews), mi à mandât di te par dîti (has sent me to you to say to you): lasse che il gno popul al ledi (let that my people may go) a fâmi un sacrifici intal desert (to make a sacrifice to me in the desert). Fintremai cumò no tu âs volût scoltâlu: hitherto you have willed not heed him.

Verse 17: Il Signôr al dîs cussì (the Lord says so): cumò ti fasarai savê (now I will make you know) che jo o soi il Signôr (that I am the Lord). Cul baston che o ài in man (with the staff which I have in hand), o batarai lis aghis dal flum (I will strike the waters of the river), che si tramudaran in sanc (which shall turn themselves into blood).

Verse 18: I pes dal flum a creparan (the fishes of the river shall die) e il flum al deventarà un tâl infet (and the river shall become such a stench) che i egjizians no podaran bevi altri (that the Egyptians shall no more be able to drink) l’aghe dal flum (the water of the river).

Verse 19: Il Signôr i disè a Mosè (the Lord said to Moses): dîsii a Aron (say to Aaron): cjol il baston (take your staff) e slungje la man (and extend your hand) sore des aghis dal Egjit (over the waters of Egypt), sore i siei flums (over its rivers), i siei canâi (its canals), i siei palûts (its marshes) e sore lis sôs risiervis di aghe (and over its reserves of water); e chês* si tramudaran in sanc (and those shall turn themselves into blood) e dute la tiere dal Egjit e sarà incolme di sanc (and all the land of Egypt shall be filled with blood), parfin i arbui e i claps (even the trees and stones). — *Chês (those), feminine plural, is put for aghis.

Versets 20-25

Vocabulary: (to do), ordenâ (to order), alçâ (to lift), il baston (staff), (to give), il colp (stroke), la aghe (water), il flum (river), la presince (presence), il faraon (pharaoh), il famei (servant), tramudâsi in (to turn oneself into), il sanc (blood), crepâ (to die), il pes (fish), deventâ (to become), tâl (such), un infet (stench), un egjizian (Egyptian), podê (can), cerçâ (to have a taste), no… gran (not in the least), il mago (wise man), il striament (enchantment), fâ compagn (to do likewise), il cûr (heart), indurîsi (to harden oneself), volê (to will), no… lafè (not in the least), scoltâ (to heed), precîs che (just as), antiviodi (to foresee), voltâ (to turn), la spale (shoulder), tornâ (to return), la cjase (house), cence nancje (without even), scomponisi (to become perturbed), il fat (fact), sgjavâ (to dig), dongje di (alongside), cirî (to seek), bevi (to drink), tacâ (to take on), dopo che (after, following), dâ jù (to give down), passâ (to pass {by}), siet (seven), il dì (day).

Verse 20: Mosè e Aron a faserin (Moses and Aaron did) come che ur veve ordenât il Signôr (as the Lord had ordered them). Al alçà il so baston (he lifted his staff) e al dè un colp a lis aghis dal flum (and gave a stroke to the waters of the river) presince dal faraon e dai siei fameis ({in} presence of the pharaoh and his servants). Dutis lis aghis dal flum (all the waters of the river) si tramudarin in sanc (turned themselves into blood).

Verse 21: A creparin ducj i pes dal flum (all the fishes of the river died) e il flum al deventà un tâl infet (and the river became such a stench) che i egjizians no podevin cerçâ gran (that the Egyptians could not in the least have a taste of) l’aghe dal flum (the water of the river).

Verse 22: Ma i magos dal Egjit, cui lôr striaments, a faserin compagn (but the wise men of Egypt with their enchantments did likewise); il cûr dal faraon si indurì (the heart of the pharaoh hardened) e nol volè lafè scoltâju (and he willed not heed them in the least), precîs che al veve antiviodût il Signôr (just as the Lord had foreseen).

Verse 23: Il faraon ur voltà lis spalis (the pharaoh turned his shoulders to them) e al tornà inte sô cjase (and returned into his house) cence nancje scomponisi dal fat (without even becoming perturbed by the fact).

Verse 24: Ducj i egjizians a sgjavarin dongje dal flum (all the Egyptians dug alongside the river) par cirî aghe di bevi (to seek water to drink), parcè che no podevin tacâ l’aghe dal flum (for they could not take on the water of the river).

Verse 25: Dopo che il Signôr i veve dât jù al flum (after the Lord had struck [given down unto] the river) a passarin siet dîs (seven days passed by).

Versets 26-29

Vocabulary: (to say), (to go), il faraon (pharaoh), cussì (so), lassâ (to let), il sacrifici (sacrifice), rifudâsi (to refuse), mandâ (to send), une invasion (invasion), il crot (frog), la regjon (region), il flum (river), invadi (to invade), saltâ (to leap), petâ (to turn up), la cjase (house), la cjamare (chamber), durmî (to sleep), il jet (bed), il famei (servant), il popul (people), il fôr (oven), la panarie (breadbasket), intor (about).

Verse 26: Il Signôr i disè a Mosè (the Lord said to Moses): va dal faraon e dîsii (go to the pharaoh and say to him): il Signôr al dîs cussì (the Lord says so): lasse che il gno popul al ledi a fâmi un sacrifici (let that my people may go to make a sacrifice to me).

Verse 27: Se tu ti rifudis di lassâlu* (if you refuse to let them go), ti mandarai une invasion di crots (I will send to you an invasion of frogs) par dute la regjon (through all the region). — *The masculine singular lu of lassâlu is put for the masculine singular popul.

Verse 28: Il flum al sarà invadût di crots (the river shall be invaded by frogs), a saltaran e a petaran dentri inte tô cjase (they shall leap and turn up in your house), te cjamare, là che tu duarmis (in the chamber where you sleep), tal to jet (in your bed), tes cjasis dai tiei fameis e dal to popul (in the houses of your servants and of your people), tai tiei fôrs (in your ovens) e tes tôs panariis (and in your breadbaskets).

Verse 29: I crots ti petaran intor ancje a ti, al to popul e ai tiei fameis: the frogs shall also turn up about you, your people and your servants.