Friulian language series: Gjenesi 36, dissendence di Esaù

You will now work with chapter 36 of the book of Genesis in Friulian, where the subject matter is la dissendence di Esaù (lineage of Esau). A particularity of this chapter is that, rather than a great deal of new Friulian vocabulary or grammar to be learned, it contains a great deal of names. For your reference, all names have been listed at the end of this post, rather than interspersed in the notes.

If you are arriving on this site for the first time, begin your study of the Friulian language here.

Read Gjenesi 36

To read the Friulian text of the Bible associated with the notes below or listen to its audio, visit Bibie par un popul and consult Gjenesi 36. An archived version of the text can be found here.

Versets 1-8

Vocabulary: ve chi (here is, behold), la gjernazie (offspring), framieç di (amongst), un itit (Hittite), un urit (Horite), parturî (to bear), cjapâ sù (to gather), il besteam minût e grant (small and large livestock; that is, sheep and cattle; flocks and herds), insome (in conclusion), dâ dongje (to gather), partî par (to leave for), un’altre tiere (another land, a different land), lontan di (far from), di fat (in fact), vê masse robe (to have too many things, to have too much stock), stâ adun (to stay together), ducj i dôi (both of them), vonde (enough), il teren (land, terrain), sistemâsi (to settle down, to get set up), la mont (mount).

You will recall that parturî means to bear, to give birth to. In verse 4, you read: Ade i parturì a Esaù Elifaz (Ade bore Eliphaz unto Esau) and Basemat i parturì Reuel (Bashemath bore Reuel unto him). Note that parturî takes as its direct object the name of the child borne: Elifaz, Reuel. The man to whom the child was born follows the preposition a.

You will also recall the use of al à vût in the sense of he begot. From the fifth verse: chescj a son i fîs che Esaù al à vûts te tiere di Canaan (these are the sons of Esau that he begot in the land of Canaan).

In verse 7, you read: là che a jerin no ’nd jere vonde teren pal lôr besteam (there where they were, there was not enough land for their livestock). You have seen avonde before, meaning enough; you now find vonde, which is simply a variation. Examples: o ai avonde robe (I have enough things), o ’nd ai avonde (I have enough of it; of them).

Versets 9-30

Vocabulary: la concubine (concubine), il sorestant (chief), prin (first), jessi a stâ (to live, to dwell), aghis cjaldis (hot springs; literally, hot waters), il desert (desert), intant che (whilst), passonâ (to feed [livestock], to put out to pasture), il mus (donkey), seont (according to).

Recall that jessi a stâ means to live, in the sense of to reside, to dwell, to inhabit. In verse 20, che a son a stâ te lôr tiere is to be understood as meaning who live in their land, who inhabit their land, etc.

In verse 24, al è chest Ane culì che is to be understood as meaning this is the same Anah who (literally, it is this Anah here who). In full, you read: al è chest Ane culì che al à cjatadis lis aghis cjaldis tal desert (this is the same Anah who found the hot springs in the desert) intant che al passonave i mus di so pari Zibeon (whilst he was feeding the donkeys of his father Zibeon).

Versets 31-43

Vocabulary: il re (king), regnâ (to rule), prime che (before), montâ sù (to arise; used here in the sense of to rise to power), un israelit (Israelite), clamâsi (to be called), cjapâ la sô place (to take one’s place), cjapâ il so puest (to take one’s place), un temanit (Temanite), lâ sù (to arise; used here in the sense of to rise to power), fruçâ (to defeat), un madianit (Midianite), la plane (plain, field), impen (instead), cjapâ il tamon (to take command), tal so puest (in his place, in his stead).

In verse 31, you read: ve chi i rês che a regnarin te tiere di Edom (these are the kings that ruled in the land of Edom) prime che a montassin sù i rês dai israelits (before the kings of the Israelites rose to power). You will recall that the subjunctive is used following prime che; a montassin is the third-person plural of the coniuntîf imperfet.

In verse 35, muart Usam, al lè sù Adad is to be understood as meaning Husham (having) died, Hadad rose to power.

Below, for your reference, are the names of both people and places that appear in this chapter, listed in alphabetical order by Friulian name (an English equivalent is shown in parentheses).

A-D: Acbor (Achbor), Adad (Hadad), Adar (Hadar), Ade (Adah), Akan (Akan), Alvan (Alvan), Alve (Alvah), Amalec (Amalek), Ane (Anah), Aran (Aran), Avit (Avith), Baal-Canan (Baalhanan), Basemat (Bashemath), Bedad (Bedad), Bele (Bela), Beor (Beor), Bilan (Bilhan), Bosre (Bozrah), Canaan (Canaan), Cheran (Cheran), Core (Korah), Dinabe (Dinhabah), Disan (Dishan), Dison (Dishon).

E-M. Ebal (Ebal), Edom (Edom), Ele (Elah), Elifaz (Eliphaz), Elon (Elon), Emam (Hemam), Emdam (Hemdan), Esaù (Esau), Esban (Eshban), Ezer (Ezer), Gatam (Gatam), Iram (Iram), Ismael (Ishmael), Itran (Ithran), Jaalam (Jaalam), Jetet (Jetheth), Jeus (Jeush), Jobab (Jobab), Kenan (Kenan), Kenaz (Kenaz), Lotan (Lotan), Magdiel (Magdiel), Manacat (Manahath), Masreke (Masrekah), Matred (Matred), Me-Zaab (Mezahab), Meetabel (Mehetabel), Mibzar (Mibzar), Mize (Mizzah), Moab (Moab).

N-Z: Naat (Nahath), Nebaiot (Nebajoth), Omar (Omar), Onam (Onam), Oolibame (Aholibamah), Ori (Hori), Pau (Pau), Pinon (Pinon), Recobot-Naar (Rehoboth-ha-Nahar), Reuel (Reuel), Same (Shammah), Samle (Samlah), Saul (Saul), Sefo (Shepho), Seir (Seir), Sobal (Shobal), Teman (Teman), Timne (Timna), Usam (Husham), Uz (Uz), Zaavan (Zaavan), Zefo (Zepho), Zerac (Zerah), Zibeon (Zibeon).