Friulian language series: Gjenesi 23, tombâl di Macpele

In the twenty-third chapter of the book of Genesis, Sarah dies and Abraham acquires a plot to bury her. From the subject line of the chapter: il tombâl di Macpele (the grave of Machpelah).

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Read Gjenesi 23

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Versets 1-2

Vocabulary: vivi (to live), un an (year), la vite (life), po (then), murî (to die), ven a stâi (which is to say), la tiere (land), jentrâ (to enter), (to make), il lament (lamentation), vaî (to weep {for}).

Verse 1: Sare e à vivût (Sarah lived) cent e vincjesiet agns (one hundred and twenty-seven years). Tancj a son stâts i agns (so many were the years) de vite di Sare (of the life of Sarah).

Verse 2: Po Sare e murì a Kiriat-Arbe (then Sarah died at Kiriath-Arba), ven a stâi a Ebron, te tiere di Canaan (which is to say, at Hebron, in the land of Canaan). Abram al jentrà par fâi il lament a Sare (Abraham entered to make lamentation for Sarah) e par vaîle (and to weep for her).

Versets 3-4

Po Abram si slontanà de muarte (then Abraham departed from the dead woman) e ur fevelà cussì ai itits (and spoke so unto the Hittites): jo o soi un forest framieç di vualtris (I am a foreigner amidst you) e di passaç (and in passage). Lassaitmi comprâ culì un teren (let me acquire here a plot) par podê puartâ vie il gno muart (to be able to bear away my dead one) e soterâlu (and bury it).

Vocabulary: slontanâsi (to part), la muarte (dead woman), fevelâ (to speak), cussì (so), un itit (Hittite), il forest (foreigner), framieç di (amidst), il passaç (passage), lassâ (to let), comprâ (to acquire), culì (here), un teren (plot), podê (to be able), puartâ vie (to bear away), il muart (dead one), soterâ (to bury).

Versets 5-6

I itits i rispuinderin a Abram (the Hittites responded unto Abraham): paron, scoltinus nô invezit ({my} lord, hearken rather unto us). Tu tu sês un princip di Diu framieç di nô (thou art a prince of God amidst us): met il to muart tal miôr dai nestris tombâi (put thy dead one in the best of our graves); nissun nol sarà tant vilan (not a one will be so uncouth) di rifudâti la sô tombe (as to refuse thee his tomb) par che tu puedis soterâ il to muart (that thou may be able to bury thy dead one).

Vocabulary: un itit (Hittite), rispuindi (to respond), il paron (lord), scoltâ (to hearken), invezit (rather), il princip (prince), framieç di (amidst), meti (to put), il muart (dead one), il miôr di (the best of), il tombâl (grave), nissun (not a one), vilan (uncouth), rifudâ (to refuse), la tombe (tomb), podê (to be able), soterâ (to bury).

Of scoltâ, the second-person singular imperative is scolte; the final e changes to i when nus is added: scoltinus. As for par che tu puedis, the present subjunctive is here employed, as par che requires it. That said, of podê, the second-person singular of the indicatîf presint and coniuntîf presint is the same: tu tu puedis. The present indicative conjugation of podê has already been provided (see: Friulian verb conjugations); study now its present subjunctive and imperfect subjunctive, presented below.

Verb: PODÊ
Coniuntîf presint — coniuntîf imperfet
Present subjunctive — imperfect subjunctive

present subjunctive
imperfect subjunctive
o puedi
o podès
tu puedis
tu podessis
al puedi
al podès

e puedi
e podès

o podìn
o podessin
o podês
o podessis
a puedin
a podessin

Versets 7-9

Abram al jevà sù (Abraham arose) e si butà par tiere (and cast himself unto the ground) denant dai sorestants dal paîs, i itits (before the chiefs of the country — the Hittites), e ur fevelà cussì (and spoke unto them so): se vualtris o sês d’acuardi (if ye be in agreement) che jo o cjapi sù il gno muart (that I may take up my dead one) e che lu soteri (and that I may bury it), scoltaitmi (hearken unto me) e metêt une buine peraule par me cun Efron, fi di Socar (and put in a good word for me with Ephron son of Zohar), che mi cedi il landri di Macpele (that he may cede me the cave of Machpelah), che al è so (which is his) e che al è juste dapît dal cjamp (and which is just at the foot of the field). Jo jal pai su la brucje (I {shall} pay him for it in good money) chel che al vâl (that which it is worth) presince di vualtris ({in} presence of you), tratant di vê un puest (as to have a place) par soterâ i miei muarts (to bury my dead ones).

Vocabulary: jevâ sù (to arise), butâsi par tiere (to cast oneself unto the ground), denant di (before), il sorestant (chief), il paîs (country), fevelâ (to speak), cussì (so), jessi d’acuardi (to be in agreement), cjapâ sù (to take up), il muart (dead one), soterâ (to bury), scoltâ (to hearken), meti (to put {in}), bon (good), la peraule (word), cedi (to cede), il landri (cave), dapît di (at the foot of), paiâ (to pay), su la brucje (in good money), valê (to be worth), la presince (presence), tratâ di (as to), il puest (place).

Versets 10-11

Efron al jere sentât framieç dai itits (Ephron was seated amongst the Hittites), e Efron l’itit i rispuindè a Abram che lu sintirin ducj i itits e ducj chei che a rivavin pe puarte de citât (and Ephron the Hittite, whom all the Hittites and all those who would arrive by the city gate heard, responded unto Abraham): no, paron, scoltimi me (nay, {my} lord, hearken unto me). Jo ti doi il cjamp (I give thee the field) e ti doi ancje il landri che al è dapît (and I also give thee the cave which is at the foot); ti fâs un regâl (I make thee a gift) devant dai fîs dal gno popul (before all the sons of my people). Sotere li il to muart: bury there thy dead one.

Vocabulary: jessi sentât (to be seated), framieç di (amongst), un itit (Hittite), rispuindi (to respond), sintî (to hear), rivâ (to arrive), la puarte (gate), la citât (city), il paron (lord), scoltâ (to hearken), (to give), il cjamp (field), il landri (cave), jessi dapît (to be at the foot), il regâl (gift), devant di (before), il fi (son), il popul (people), soterâ (to bury), li (there), il muart (dead one).

Versets 12-13

Abram si butà par tiere (Abraham cast himself unto the ground) denant di dute la int dal paîs (before all the people of the country) e i fevelà cussì a Efron che lu sintirin ducj (and he, whom all heard, spoke so unto Ephron): parcè mo no mi scoltistu? (why then hearkenest thou unto me not?). Jo il cjamp tal pai (I {shall} pay thee for the field): fasimi il plasê di tirâ i bêçs (do me the favour of drawing the money) e dopo jo o soterarai il gno muart (and afterwards I shall bury my dead one).

Vocabulary: butâsi par tiere (to cast oneself unto the ground), denant di (before), la int (people), il paîs (country), fevelâ (to speak), cussì (so), sintî (to hear), scoltâ (to hearken), il cjamp (field), paiâ (to pay), il plasê (favour), tirâ (to draw), i bêçs (money), dopo (afterwards), soterâ (to bury), il muart (dead one).

Jo il cjamp tal pai: This sentence employs typical Friulian syntax. Taken apart: jo (I) il cjamp (the field) tal (unto thee + it) pai (pay). O pai is the first-person singular of the presint indicatîf of the verb paiâ. In this sentence, il cjamp is placed before the verb for emphasis, but then mention of it must be reprised through the use of the direct object lu, which, here, forms part of the contraction tal (= ti + lu).

Fâs is the second-person singular imperative of the verb ; when mi is added, an i is interposed: fasimi il plasê (do me the favour). Fasimi il plasê di tirâ i bêçs: do me the favour of drawing the money, the sense whereof is do me the favour of taking the money.

Versets 14-15

Efron i rispuindè a Abram (Ephron responded unto Abraham): paron, scoltimi invezit me ({my} lord, hearken rather unto me): un teren di cuatricent siclos d’arint (a plot of four hundred shekels of silver) ce esal par nô doi? (what is it for us two?). Sotere il to muart: bury thy dead one.

Vocabulary: rispuindi (to respond), il paron (lord), scoltâ (to hearken), invezit (rather), il teren (plot), cuatricent (four hundred), il siclo (shekel), d’arint (of silver), doi (two), soterâ (to bury), il muart (dead one).

Verset 16

Abram si cjatà d’acuardi su la propueste di Efron (Abraham was found in agreement on Ephron’s offer) e Abram i pesà a Efron l’arint che al veve fevelât (and Abraham weighed for Ephron the silver whereof he had spoken) denant dai itits (before the Hittites), ven a stâi cuatricent tocs d’arint (which is to say, four hundred pieces of silver) al presit che a valevin sul marcjât (at the price which they were worth on the market).

Vocabulary: cjatâsi (to be found), d’acuardi (in agreement), la propueste (offer), pesâ (to weigh), l’arint (silver), fevelâ (to speak), denant di (before), ven a stâi (which is to say), cuatricent (four hundred), il toc (piece), il presit (price), valê (to be worth), il marcjât (market).

Versets 17-20

Vocabulary: cussì (so), devant di (before), devant di (before), un itit (Hittite), jentrâ (to enter), la puarte (gate), la citât (city), deventâ (to become), il paron (master), il cjamp (field), in face di (in face of), il landri (cave), un arbul (tree), il confin (boundary), po (then), soterâ (to bury), la tiere (land), comprâ (to acquire), aventi (there), il tombâl (to grave), il muart (dead one).

Verses 17-18: Cussì Abram (so Abraham), devant di ducj i itits (before all the Hittites) e di ducj chei che a jentravin pe puarte de citât (and all those who would enter by the city gate) al deventà paron dal cjamp di Efron (became master of the field of Ephron), che al è a Macpele (which is at Machpelah), in face di Mamre (in face of Mamre), dal cjamp (of the field) e dal landri che al è tal cjamp (and of the cave which is in the field) e di ducj i arbui che a son par confin (and of all the trees which are for boundary).

Verse 19: Po Abram al soterà Sare (then Abraham buried Sarah) tal landri dal cjamp di Macpele (in the cave of the field of Machpelah) in face di Mamre, che al sarès Ebron (in face of Mamre, which would be Hebron) te tiere di Canaan (in the land of Canaan).

Verse 20: Al è cussì che Abram al comprà dai itits il cjamp (so it is that Abraham acquired from the Hittites the field) e il landri che al è aventi (and the cave which is there) par fâdint* un tombâl pai siei muarts (to make thereof a grave for his dead ones). — *Consider: fâ un tombâl (to make a grave); fâdint un tombâl (to make a grave thereof).